January 28, 2022 1 min to read


The Tsar Cannon actually deserves its pompous name—it is the biggest cannon in the world. This piece of royal artillery was built to defend the Kremlin, and it has been located there for more than four hundred years. There are rumors that the cannon has never been fired, but this is not true.


tsar cannon


The Tsar Cannon at the Moscow Kremlin is designated in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest bombard (a late medieval cannon used to hurl large stones) by caliber in the world. The Tsar Cannon is made of bronze; it weighs 39.312 tonnes and has a length of 5.34 m (17.5 ft).[4] Its bronze-cast barrel has an internal diameter of 890 mm (35.0 in), and an external diameter of 1,200 mm (47.2 in).

The barrel has eight cast rectangular brackets for use in transporting the gun, which is mounted on a stylized cast iron gun carriage with three wheels. The barrel is decorated with relief images, including an equestrian image of Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich, with a crown and a scepter in his hand on horseback.

Above the front right bracket the message “The grace of God, Tsar and Great Duke Fyodor Ivanovich, Autocrat of all All Russia” was cast. There were two more labels cast at the top of the barrel, to the right is “The decree of the faithful and Christ king and the Grand Duke Fyodor Ivanovich, Sovereign Autocrat of all Great Russia with his pious and god-blessed queen, Grand Princess Irina”;

While to the one to the left is “Cast in the city of Moscow in the summer of year 7904(c. 1585 in Gregorian calendar), in his third summer state, by Andrey Chokov.” The cannon style gun carriage, added in 1835, is purely decorative. This weapon was never intended to be transported on or fired from this gun carriage.



However, by 1706, it was moved to the Kremlin Arsenal and mounted on a wooden gun carriage. It was not used during the French invasion of Russia, although Napoleon Bonaparte considered removing it to France as a war trophy.


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